Employers have an obligation not only to employees but also to contractors and their employees. Through proper training and lighting, night time construction can happen as safely as construction in the daytime. Before you begin working at night, walk the job site during the day. Reflective clothing isn’t the only available technique to increase visibility at night. Report all work injuries and illnesses immediately 2. BRING A FRIEND. These and other relevant legal provisions are outlined in Section 6 of this guidance. In addition, the Act’s Section 5(a)(1), the General Duty Clause, requires employers to provide their workers with a workplace free Night work poses special hazards: • Reduced visibility for motorists, increased difficulty driving safely through work zone. Your duties include warning them of danger, providing safety equipment and neutralizing obvious safety hazards. Take the right precautions at work. In addition, consider taking these safety precautions throughout your home: Prepare for emergencies. Although hazards exist, workers can stay safe by taking a series of precautions before, during and after their shift. Ask your hotel manager for advice on 'safe' versus 'unsafe' local areas. Those who work nights have to be wary of on-the-job fatigue because of their irregular sleep schedule. Flashing lights on a worker’s body or clothing, reflective tape on equipment, and especially proper work area lighting are all good ways to increase visibility. Whether you are paving a road or working at a stationary site, you can increase … Safety (DPS) crash data to assess the ramifications of night work on crash experiences, and an assessment of differences in operational characteristics of traffic at nighttime and daytime work zones. Always check that it is de-energized first by using a tester. Safety precautions must be strictly adhered to because if they are not, some employees can put all other employees at risk. In order to ensure safety for both workers and drivers, some extra steps need to be taken. In this edition of the RoadReady newsletter, we will explore what activities can be done in nighttime roadway construction, along with some safety tips to help improve the overall process. But being uneasy doesn't mean you need to stay home and miss the good times with your friends. If your company hasn’t been providing you … Treat slippery or uneven surfaces. Safety precautions are a federal requirement in most workplaces. The term “lone worker” is becoming a more and more familiar one in the United States as employers and safety professionals grow increasingly aware of employees that regularly carry out workplace tasks alone within their organization. 25% of accidents occur in the evening although less than 9% of the work … • Bright work lights may produce glare. Use night lights. You should also be aware of any potential issues specific to the project site, such as electrical or fall hazards. 3 Tips for Safely Working at Night on a Construction Site, Your One Stop Spot For All Contractors Insurance Needs | © Copyright 2020 ContractorsInsurance.org, Contractors Workers Compensation Insurance, Free Certificates Of Contractors Insurance, 5 Things your Workers Comp Benefits Don’t Cover. In order to understand appropriate lighting levels for night work, we first need to talk about how it is measured. Second, have weekly safety meetings to cover any errors or incidents that may have occurred, the proper response in the future, and any anticipated changes to the work zone that may affect the safety of drivers and employees. Immediately notify others of any (new or old) hazards that you perceive. However, at late hours and with the nights getting darker earlier, it is important to take notice of what is going on around you. This allows contractors and agencies to take advantage of working with fewer delays for the traveling public and for construction crews to work more safely in lower volume traffic. Place night lights in the person's bedroom and the bathroom to help prevent tripping if he or she gets up at night. Site Preparation – The Game Plan for Your Success, Survey: 60% of Respondents Using e-Construction Tools Reported On-Time Deliveries for Most Projects, e-Construction in Practice Survey: 45% in Transportation Construction Use e-Construction Tools To Speed Project Deliveries. In addition, check to see where there are gaps in the lighting that might cause a problem later. With this increased decision and maneuver distance, workers, motorists, and equipment are much less likely to have a collision – chances of damage, injury, or death are reduced. Night work and extended hours which carry into the night period are particularly difficult and hazardous. • Drivers, pedestrians, workers are generally less alert, more tired. The National Safety Council advises everyone to enjoy fireworks at public displays conducted by professionals, and not to use any fireworks at home. Whenever possible, they should work at designated stations and walk on brightly-lit paths. It is a way to avoid injuries, build comradery and create a better work product. Let’s take a closer look. Quality Control: Ready…Aim…Hit the Target! Pavement Interactive was developed by the Pavement Tools Consortium, a partnership between several state DOTs, the FHWA, and the University of Washington, as part of their effort to further develop and use computer-based pavement tools. But when done safely, benefits such as lower traffic volumes and reduced delay for both motorists and construction vehicles outweigh the risks. The decision and maneuver distance – how long it takes a driver to notice the worker and make any path or speed changes – is over 5 times greater with reflective clothing than with regular, dark-colored – or even orange-colored – clothes. How to Build a Construction Marketing Plan. Firearms, weapons, or explosives are not permitted on Company Property. Construction is a high hazard industry that comprises a wide range of activities involving construction, alteration, and/or repair. Whether you are paving a road or working at a stationary site, you can increase safety by knowing your surroundings inside and out. Communication on the job site is even more crucial at night than during the day. The Occupational Safety and Health Act requires employers to comply with safety and health standards promulgated by OSHA or by a state with an OSHA-approved state plan. “This work presents unique hazards which raise the risk of work zone injuries. 4 A Road Construction Industry Consortium Awareness Program In addition to proper training, creating a work zone with safe visibility levels can make the difference in preventing job site incidents. Closure/guidance includes items such as traffic cones, drums and barricades. As you become more familiar with your work zone, darkness will no longer be a major safety issue. Researchers found that night work activity does significantly increase the likelihood of crashes on a facility, sometimes quite dramatically. Have a safety incentive program and make it well known to workers. Avoid 'seedier' areas of the cities you visit, especially at night. There are two main ways to ensure that motorists and workers experience the safest possible nighttime work zone. With the steady increase of traffic congestion around the country, more construction work is scheduled at night; although the combination of increased traffic and night work compounds safety considerations for highway construction workers. A workplace safety training will help them reduce or eliminate injuries and illnesses from occurring in the workplace. There is a requirement in the Night Work and Shift Work Regulations for employers to Never try repairing energized equipment. for night work, overtime and weekend work – in effect, to treat all hours the same and pay for the work that is done, not when it is done. Be it a workplace disaster or a violent crime, when your employees' safety is compromised, you need to be prepared to keep them safe. Why Is Night Work Hazardous? While working at night, construction workers should always wear reflective gear. Night work can provide specific challenges that are not experienced during the day, particularly visibility. Try not to travel at night. They may be legal but they are not safe. What is Lean Construction, and what are its Benefits? Display emergency numbers and your home address near all telephones. Here are seven ways to be prepared. All sorts of hazards exist including reduced visibility, worker fatigue, lighting issues such as positioning and glare, and tired or impaired drivers. In 2017, eight people died and over 12,000 were injured badly enough to require medical treatment after fireworks-related incidents. It’s a common construction misconception that working at night is dangerous. Warning/information includes items such as fixed or mobile gantry signs, or temporary rumble strips. This is called level 2, and is 10 or more foot-candles. Night work is often necessary to complete a given task on a construction site. This Guide is aimed at safety and health practitioners, employers, managers, employees and safety representatives. Stay sober. One of the greatest challenges in nighttime work is poor visibility for workers and motorists. Additional topics to cover when training for nighttime projects include: • Know your surroundings on the project and watch out around you, • Put clear signage for motorists in the best visibility locations, • Space drums and cones more closely to avoid intrusions, • Conduct test drives to ensure that everything is clearly visible and operating correctly. GENERAL SAFETY RULES. Work place accidents translate into … Report all Unsafe Acts or Unsafe Conditions to your Supervisor 3. 1. Every organisation that asks its employees to work night shifts is required to provide them with a pickup-and-drop facility – a driver, in a vehicle hired by the company, picks up the employees from the office and drops them home. Working after Dark: Night Work and Roadway Safety. Darkness will be an issue at times, but job sites today are typically very well lit. Event healthcare providers should use Standard and Transmission-Based Precautions … associated with shift work, night work and extended working hours, and take action to control the risks. Highway 125 Night Work Describes the precautions and concerns in Highway 125 construction in Nova Scotia, Canada. Under the OSH Act, you have to provide employees with safe conditions to work. During the day personal safety is not as big of an issue because of the sunlight and activity that is going on around you. Pavement Design – What’s My Structural Number? It is amazing how reflective material can light up even when it seems to be out of the range of the light. This is designated as level 1, and is 5 or more foot-candles. Recruit a friend or family member — not only will it be more enjoyable, but it’ll also … Ensuring Your Safety Walk with a friend. One foot-candle is the illuminance cast on a 1 square foot surface by a single candle’s light. This must be what the article is referring to when it says that reflective surfaces are five times more visible. All sorts of hazards exist including reduced visibility, worker fatigue, lighting issues such as positioning and glare, and tired or impaired drivers. The equipment used to ensure safety in the work zone can be grouped in three categories: warning or information, closure/guidance, and protection. Everything you do in the daytime can be done at night, with proper safety considerations and the correct level of lighting. Pavement Construction and Inspection Go Together, Making Concrete Pavements Resistant to Damage, Pavements Never Die, They Just Get Service, Climate Change Impacts on Pavements and Resilience, E-Construction in Practice: A Peer Exchange with WSDOT and TxDOT. Lighting level designations according to NCHRP Report 476, start with general lighting, which allows workers to safely move around the entire job site. Alcohol and drugs are a contributing factor in around three per cent of workplace fatalities. Links with this icon indicate that you are leaving the CDC website.. Let’s take a look at a couple of critical elements for improving visibility. Finally, review the site’s safety plan and identify all exit and evacuation routes in the event of an emergency. Purchase sufficient new safety equipment for a new construction project or to add existing inventory. Proper lighting at night includes several different levels and designations of lighting. Whether at a hospital, health system or small practice, it is important to take all preventive measures available. From a health and safety perspective, all hours are not the same. This is level 3 lighting, and is 20 or more foot-candles. Don't hitch hike. 34 slides: Mine Illumination and Solid-State Lighting Mining … “the most difficult lighting environment in the world.” Employers are required to: consult employees and elected representatives on health and safety at work First is proper safety training, and second is improving visibility throughout the work zone and especially at critical areas like traffic control workers’ stations and on any people or equipment. First, train all employees on nighttime work safety, keeping in mind that some workers (like traffic control personnel) may need additional training and possibly certification. … Since construction workers may handle heavy machinery, they should pay particular attention to their level of alertness. In your pre-shift walkthrough, take note of where lights are located at the job site, including the walkways and parking areas. The following tips will help during those times. Here are the five most effective ways to develop and maintain a safe night time construction site: Create a safety plan before work begins. Then, there’s active work area lighting, a higher level of light that allows for safe equipment operation and observation of the work. Use seat belts when on Company business in any vehicles 4. It can be a good clue that it is time to slow down when you see these reflections on the safety cones and barriers. a safe and healthful workplace. Finally, traffic control personnel need the most light for safety to the worker and for motorists to see and interpret their directions. How to Stay Safe at Night. Investigate all accidents and safety … • Alcohol, drug impaired, drowsy drivers. Lighting is typically measured by what are called “foot-candles”. Fear of crime can make you wary of walking or traveling at night. Construction workers engage in many activities that may expose them to serious hazards, such as falling from rooftops, unguarded machinery, being struck by heavy construction equipment, electrocutions, silica dust, and asbestos. Nighttime work can be dangerous, plain and simple. The best two ways to ensure the safest possible nighttime work zone is to properly train all workers on safe practices in the work zone, and improve work zone visibility. Before night works are carried out, check the inventory of safety equipment to make sure they are sufficiently available, appropriate, and in good working condition. Linking to a non-federal website does not constitute an endorsement by CDC or any of its employees of the sponsors or the information and products presented on the website. This way you can identify any potential hazards the darkness may hide. Know your job site. Along with the standard safety precautions that accompany normal paving activities, there is a higher risk of worker injury at night. Price 6.50. Night Time Work Zone Safety-Tips to Save Your Life Nighttime work can be dangerous, plain and simple. Use heavy curtains or blinds to block sunlight from keeping you awake. Work) Regulations 2000 were transposed into the Safety, Health and Welfare at Work (General Application) Regulations 2007 and deal specifically with night and shift work. Take the right precautions at work. Three Simple Safety Tips for Lone Workers. By Walter Jones “Night work has become a fact of life in highway construction,” says LIUNA General President Terence M. O’Sullivan, noting a trend that is accelerating this season. It’s also important that others can see you. Conduct safety orientation and regular training sessions for workers. And identify all exit and evacuation routes in the lighting that might cause problem... 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