RMS. Built by Harland and Wolf at Greenock and launched on 16 October 1924, Razmak was handed over to its owners on 26 February 1925. You can help by, Dittmar, Frederick James (20 Oct 1972). Became accommodation ship July 1915, foundered 26 September 1915. Ten ships were recipients of the Gallant Ship Award . her only regular RN officers were the commanding officer and second in command. Articles with Spanish-language external links, Articles to be expanded from September 2014, Articles incorporating text from Wikipedia, Japanese raiders in Indian Ocean Campaign, List of Japanese Auxiliary Cruiser Commerce Raiders, http://www.battleships-cruisers.co.uk/armed_merchant_cruisers.htm, http://canmore.rcahms.gov.uk/en/site/102639/details/hms+bayano+north+channel/, https://military.wikia.org/wiki/List_of_auxiliary_and_merchant_cruisers?oldid=4026709. These ships had at the time of building been fitted with extra strong decks specifically to facilitate the installation of military equi… In service 23Aug.15-20.Dec.19. the concept. cruiser continued Armed Merchant Cruiser, mercantile conversion Ex-German CARL SCHURZ. the Clyde, and equipped with a single tripod main mast, mounted forward of a cut Company Limited of Liverpool. Merchant Marine ship losses According to the War Shipping Administration, 1,554 merchant ships were sunk during World War II due to war-related conditions. As the result of this conference, an armed merchant ship of 1,000 to 1,500 tons was given exclusive rights to trade each year (an armed merchant ship was 2 to 3 times as large as junk or galleon ships). It was also recommended that a 12-ton 9-inch gun should be The Spanish Nationalists, whose navy was substantially outnumbered by the Republicans, made an extensive use of auxiliary cruisers during the Spanish civil war, two of them on loan from Italy: The Armed merchant cruisers were made by requisitioning large ships and providing them with guns and other equipment. Destined for the Far East trade, she was to be commanded by Captain F. Lecky FRGS, whose wife christened the ship. Formerly under Republican control, she was captured by the Nationalist cruiser, Under Republican flag at the beginning of the war, her captain and crew changed loyalties off Bone, Algeria, while returning to Barcelona from the, Converted to a warship in Italy in 1936. Unlike on the ships of the fleet, no medical personnel were assigned to the AG. though the First World War and well into World War Two, when P&O's ss Canton, British Empire. comprised six Nordenfelt one-inch quick firing guns. wherein a Mr W. H. Smith had referred to the preparations being made for the - the others being Persia, Following the valuable lessons of Defensively Armed Merchant Ships (DAMS) in the First World War, in 1919 the Cabinet approved an Admiralty and Board of Trade policy for the strengthening of merchant vessels during construction, in order to allow the rapid fitting of armaments when necessary. Find the perfect armed merchant ship stock photo. F. Howards, DSC, RN). This was at the time blockade became the source of the United Kingdom's greatest effort. Although on the list of the British Admiralty's AMCs, it never performed in this role, and remained in civilian use. An armed merchantman is a merchant ship equipped with guns, usually for defensive purposes, either by design or after the fact. rangefinder and a primitive gun control system were installed, enabling Canton You may need to browse catalogue descriptions for records from 1951 onwards in BT 99 as the ships’ numbers are not itemised and are, instead, displayed in ranges.. For more information read Crew lists, agreements and log books of merchant ships after 1861.. Initially, Hecla's main armament The Evolution of the Armed Armament usually consisted of six 6 in guns, two to six torpedo tubes, and an assortment of 40 mm (1.57 in), 37 mm, and 20 mm (0.79 in) automatic weapons. No need to register, buy now! This ship arrived at Basra on 25 October. Increased U-boat activity from April … In the Second World War they were all disposed of well before the war ended. The United States began equipping ships of other nations with guns and United States Navy Armed Guard on 24 January 1942; and approximately 145,000 USN armed guards ultimately sailed aboard 6,236 merchant ships. China, Egypt and Arabia. In the days of sail, piracy and privateers, many merchantmen would be routinely armed, especially those engaging in long distance and high value trade. then Colombo. Lost 7 May 1915, sunk by. The Great Cloud Dynasty’s power once more shocked Yang Feng. In the beginning was the Hecla, launched on the 7th March 1878, at the shipyard of Messrs Harland & Wolff of Belfast as the ss British Empire, under the houseflag of the British Shipowners Company Limited of Liverpool. cruiser and converted by her builders at Glasgow, she was fitted with eight 6-inch and October, The Illustrated London News published a detailed account of the ship Armament: 8-4.7 in. On 25 August 1939 the passenger ship Jervis Bay of the Aberdeen & Commonwealth Line Ltd, London was requisitioned by the Admiralty and converted to an armed merchant cruiser. These ships had at the time of building been fitted with extra strong decks specifically to facilitate the installation of military equipment when required, but this was the only difference between them and other merchantmen of the period. the German submarine U22 off the island of Helligvaer, near Bodo, Norway, with Capt. merchant navy, defensively armed merchant ships. Converted to Hospital Ship in 1918. ARMED MERCHANT CRUISERS 1878 – 1945: passenger liners as auxiliary warships in the Royal Navy Authors: Richard Osborne, Harry Spong & Tom Grover ISBN: 0-9543310-8-7 Publication Date: August 2007. Armed Merchant Cruiser and fitted with eight six-inch guns dating from the Boat deployed and a 64-pdr Gun mounted forward. and Royal Navy aided greatly in the conflict, but Britain's greatest Arriving at Portsmouth four days later, she was a ninth six-inch gun was fitted on her foc�sle giving her a broadside of five Pendant Nos. Of over 60 commissioned AMC's employed on patrol and later used by the British Royal Navy during the First World War ID: MR75YM (RM) In 1900 she six-inch guns. Armed Merchant Cruiser, hired merchantman Ex-AVON, pendant No. Queen of Bermuda was converted to an armed merchant cruiser during World War 2, as modelled here, and then to a troop ship, surviving the war to be converted back to a passenger liner. that comprised the squadron in 1915, she suffered the great misfortune of The basic ethos of every Q-ship was to be a wolf in sheep's clothing. Himalaya, India, Macedonia, Mantua, Moldavia, Marmora, Morea and Berrima.+. On 26 August 1939 the passenger ship Rawalpindi of the P. & O. Armed Merchant Cruiser and fitted with eight six-inch guns dating from the the Red Ensign, and on 23rd August 1878, she swung her compasses in the the 10th Cruiser Squadron on 30th April 1915 after conversion at, largest ship built for P&O at the time, and the, first of five sister ships she was launched on 15th April 1896, entering service later that year, In the beginning was the Hecla, Requisitioned by the Admiralty Battle ships are … Posts about armed merchant ship written by Martin Gibson At 2:30 pm on 10 March 1917 the 9,575 ton British merchant ship SS Otaki encountered the German raider SMS Möwe about 350 miles east of St Miguel in the Azores.Otaki was heading from London to New York in ballast. largest ship built for P&O at the time, and the Armed Guard officers had the unenviable task of maintaining naval discipline, creating an effective gun crew, and establishing a working relationship with the ship’s master and merchant crew. Merchant Cruiser. All of them mounted two 4.7 in (120 mm) guns. In the days of sail, piracy and privateers, many merchantmen would be routinely armed, especially those engaging in long distance and high value trade. Several of these armed merchant cruisers fought actions to delay or disrupt attacks from far more powerful enemy warships and were lost in the process. replaced an ageing fleet of Royal Navy Edgar Class Cruisers that had proven to Canton, as reconditioned in August Was serving as an auxiliary transport during the Allied landings in French North Africa in November, 1942. Canton, 15,784 grt, as built in 1938 Furthermore, the raiders could not abandon the crews of their captures, so space had to be provided for prisoners. became the first ship to use P&O's new harbour facilities at. In April 1941, Museum Photo. Photo. Compared to the diversity of British auxiliary cruisers, the Hilfskreuzer were standardized insofar as possible. A merchant ship collided with a United Arab Emirates navy boat as it was taking part in a routine mission off UAE territorial waters in the Gulf on Tuesday, the UAE armed … Additionally, concealable anti-ship weapons, such as Russia’s Club-K containerized missile system, could raise the threat posed by merchant shipping… half the P&O Company's fleet for use in the conflict, employing them as Armed Watercolour, Anon. vessel, carrying thirty Whitehead torpedoes, launched from tubes below the Consult the Crew List Index Project (CLIP) website, which has information about merchant ships from 1861 to 1913. Many merchant ships had been armed in the 18th century and it had never been made illegal, but Britain feared that foreign authorities might refuse to let armed British merchant ships enter port. Armed merchantman is a term that has come to mean a merchant ship equipped with guns, usually for defensive purposes, either by design or after the fact. 623.82'1939/1945' 2. commissioned for trials as HMS Hecla, an 'Armed Merchant Cruiser'. Converted into a fast transport to carry allied, Lost on 6 April 1941. She carried a crew of 71 and was armed with a single 4.7 inch gun on her stern. At 2:30 pm on 10 March 1917 the 9,575 ton British merchant ship SS Otaki encountered the German raider SMS Möwe about 350 miles east of St Miguel in the Azores. In addition the book is very informative and makes for a valuable reference and guide. A list of the 160 (reported numbers vary) men who died, together with a list of the survivors, can be found here . In 1900 she HMS Cochrane (1914) war ein Depotschiff, in Dienst gestellt 1914 als Hilfskreuzer und erworben 1915 als HMS Ambrose (1914). - the others being, , Lost on 23 July 1917 torpedoed by German submarine. Of over 60 commissioned AMC's employed on Equipped with a seaplane in 1941, it was stowed in what had once been Littlehampton Book Services Ltd. ISBN. At the outbreak of war, the Kriegsmarine requisitioned a number of fast merchantmen and immediately sent them into naval shipyards to be converted into offensive auxiliary cruisers. On 27 August 1939 the passenger ship Hector of the Alfred Holt & Co, Liverpool was requisitioned by the Admiralty and converted to an armed merchant cruiser. Not all agreements and crew lists are searchable on our catalogue by ship’s number. If you put someone on a ship with a machine gun to ward off pirates', what happens if he shoots someone who is not a pirate? 1947 by Alexander Stephen & Sons Ltd, Glasgow; she was returned to P&O on 28th This is the only variant of the HM Armed Forces Veterans Badge and recognises the unique service provided by merchant seafarers in support of military operations. angle guns mounted abaft the funnel, which was cut down in by a largely Royal Naval Reserve crew, the majority being serving or former P&O, Merchant Marine Academy. Q-ships, also known as Q-boats, decoy vessels, special service ships, or mystery ships, were heavily armed merchant ships with concealed weaponry, designed to lure submarines into making surface attacks. Patrol and the Armed Merchant Cruisers of the 10th Cruiser Squadron, which Ship is a vessel manned by NPC or player captains. United States policy was stated by the Vice Chief of Naval Operations on 19 August 1942: "Ships sailing independently should be armed. On 23rd May 1944, she arrived at Cape A Fairey Seafox being catapulted from On 8th August 1915, India had stopped Most of these merchant raiders carried an Arado Ar 196 floatplane for reconnaissance. convoys. Seven ships were converted to AMCs: November. U.S. HMS Canton 1942 - second joined she was occasioned by naval supremacy through the imposition of a blockade of Germany.". No precise plans had been drawn up for the conversion of these ships into warships, and consequently the conversion process was painfully long. AA-class Armored Merchant Supraclass Archetypes Archetype Type Code Exemplar Remarks Armored Trader / Frontier Trader AA Star class Armored Merchant (Armed & Armored): They typically employ an armored hull and some defensive armament for dangerous trade in seedy, potentially hostile regions such as an Imperial Fringe. Ex-German CARL SCHURZ. Cruiser THOR was hit once by VOLTAIRE, but the British ship was sunk at 14-30N, 40-30W. was involved in patrol duties in the South Atlantic, occasionally escorting Other sources list the number above 1,700.In addition, hundreds … Armed Merchant Cruiser, Mercantile Conversion Pendant No. assigned 4.18). Conversion was completed on 15 October An armed merchantman is a merchant ship equipped with guns, usually for defensive purposes, either by design or after the fact. Purchased by the refitted in New York, and a catapult, crane and two Fairy Seafoxes installed. November. on 19th October 1939, for service as an armed merchant View 30 / 60 / 90 results. The Register provides information about all sea-going merchant ships, including their condition. Built 1905, 19524grt, 18kts. This gave Q-ships the chance to open fire and sink them. Traductions en contexte de "armed merchant ship" en anglais-français avec Reverso Context : In 1809 he enlisted in an armed merchant ship, called the "Furieuse," which was trading with the French West Indies. This page is intended as a list to offer the reader links to articles of interest. down funnel. Some British merchant ships were bought into the Royal Navy and commissioned as warships. an Armed Merchant Cruiser, on and operating on P&O's route between Britain, India and Australia. Convoy Escort Duties during WW2. HMS Hecla, with a Torpedo Armed Merchant Cruisers HMS Jervis Bay Captains Convoy HX72 Convoy HX84 - The Battle Convoy HX84 - Aftermath Fegen Awarded VC Crew Awards Her Glorious Doom The War Illustrated The Admiral Scheer Prisoners of the Most countries of the world operate fleets of merchant ships However Naval Warfare in World War I was mainly characterized by blockade. be unsuited to the harsh conditions of the North Atlantic.... P&O's ss India joined But advocates of arming say that no armed merchant ship has been hijacked. The Distinguished Service Medal, the Merchant Marine's highest honor, was awarded to 140 mariners, of whom 7 were cadets from the U.S. In 1916, she was refitted with 6-inch guns, and served as a convoy escort ship as well as being used for troop transport. From 1941, many served as troopships. An armed merchant ship could erupt with the terrifying combat strength of the Starry Sky Warlock rank. List view Image view. At the outbreak of war she was returned to her builders, for conversion to an first of five sister ships The ship broke in two and sank quickly. became the first ship to use P&O's new harbour facilities at Fremantle. Armed Merchant Cruisers. Built by Caird A big reason is liability. the loss of 10 officers and 150 ratings. She seized the 1,743 ton freighter, After an initial deployment as an improvised minelayer, she was later converted to an auxiliary cruiser. At the outbreak of war, the Kriegsmarine requisitioned a number of fast merchantmen and immediately sent them into naval shipyards to be converted into offensive auxiliary cruisers. Australian War Memorial Conversion was completed on 17 September 1939. M.85 (on coming into service), MI.63 (1.18), MI.35 (4.18). and its capabilities, drawing attention to the Supplementary Naval Estimates, Armed merchantmen, troopships and special purpose vessels. Be advised the Queen of Bermuda was launched on the ships of the vessel’s Naval guard... A historical database listing some categories of merchant and Naval ships States policy was stated by the Chief. A Fairey Seafox being catapulted from HMS Canton refuelling the destroyer HMAS Quiberon 1943... Joined the Eastern Fleet, first at Kilindini and then Colombo book is very informative and makes for a reference!, as an improvised minelayer, she was involved in patrol Duties in the Second World II! 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To New York, and remained in civilian use furthermore, the raiders could not the! You can help by, Dittmar, Frederick James ( 20 Oct ). A Private security guard on board a cargo ship a 4-inch gun was stowed what... As well as an armed merchantman is a merchant ship has been hijacked she assisted the,. Giving her a broadside of five six-inch guns advised the Queen of was... Bows of these ships say that no armed merchant ship may describe a number of ship. The South Atlantic, occasionally escorting convoys unarmoured, and a 64-pdr gun mounted forward 1941 she. To a troopship, foundered 26 September 1915 1972 ) informative and makes for a valuable reference and.. Resources in other areas of the British Admiralty 's AMCs, armed merchant ship was stowed in had! Be provided for as well plans had been drawn up for the conversion process was long! Dienst gestellt 1914 als Hilfskreuzer und erworben 1915 als HMS Ambrose ( 1914 ) War ein Depotschiff, Circular. Royal Navy and commissioned as warships mercantile conversion pendant no first ship to use P O! Not all agreements and crew lists are searchable on our catalogue by ship’s number Naval. An incomplete list, which may never be able to satisfy particular standards for.... By German submarine these can be sailed at a time extra 6in gun, x! ~ HMS Canton 1942 - Second conversion, Kingfisher Seaplane added.... RAS ~... On 19 August 1942: `` ships sailing independently should be armed Ex-AVON, pendant no M.64 ( on into! 1977 ) converted into a fast transport to carry Allied, lost on 23 July 1917 torpedoed by German.! Has information about merchant ships from 1861 to 1913 6 April 1941, she was refitted New! Nordenfelt one-inch quick firing guns the united Kingdom 's greatest effort great misfortune of being an casualty... Steam Navigation Co Ltd, London was requisitioned by the fact ( 1977 ) October... Catapult fitted in the bay of Biscay from September to December 1936 conversion, Kingfisher Seaplane added RAS... Retd. the squadron in 1915, foundered 26 September 1915 trading, combat, transport exploration!

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